1) The historian in each group will look for the information about the history and monuments of all the towns or villages included on their correspondant route.

2) With the information that you obtain about the history of each town or village, you must make a timeline in the form of a table attending to the following periods:
· Prehistoric and Pre-Roman Period.
· Roman Period.
· Muslim Period.
· Christian Conquest.
· Modern Age.
· Contemporary Age.


Prehistoric/Pre-roman
It was a settlement of the túrdulos, an Iberian tribe; and Greek, Phoenicians and Carthaginians also inhabited its land.
Roman period
During the Roman domination it was Ilíberis and in the occupation of the Visigoths it continued being an important religious, civilian and military centre.
Muslin period
A Hebrew community formed a settlement near Ilíberis that was called Gárnata. This settlement was the one that help Tariq to take Ilíberis.
Christian conquest
During the XV century, the kingdom was debilitated due to the internal fights between the families of the Court, until in 1492 it falls into the hands of the Catholic Kings, being Boabdil the last Muslim king of the Kingdom of Granada.
Modern age
Revolt, in 1571, the Moorish were expelled and new Christians arrived to the city.
Contemporary age
The city suffered its decay in the following centuries, and the Alhambra even served as headquarters for the Napoleonic troops when they invaded the Iberian Peninsula in the XIX century.


3) The next step is to seek information about the most important monuments of each route. Due to the large number of monuments, you will have to choose on each route the following:
· Route 1 (city of Granada): 20 monuments.


In Granada there are many monuments such as: the Alhambra, Albaicin, Cathedral, Chapel, Real monasterio de la Cartuja, Abbey of Sacromonte, Alcazar de Genil, Basilica of Our Lady of Sorrows, Bañuelo, Corral coal, Carmen de los Martires, Ral hospital, Church of San Cecilio, San jeronimo monastery...

4) With the information that you have obtained, you must illustrate another table including information about:
· Name of the monument.
· Location (town or city).
· Origin.
· Typology.
· Style.
· Short description.




Name of the monumet
Location
Origin
Typology
Style
Short description
Alhambra
Located on the hill Sabika along the river Darro
The origins of the Alhambra ninth century
when first used the citadel as a refuge

Military architecture
The Alhambra is a unique example of how the same light and water effects provide important decorative architecture. A careful choice of materials makes your decoration change as the incidence of the light.
The complex consists of the gardens of the Generalife, Nazari Palaces and the Alcazaba, Arab building. Christian invoice find the palace of Charles V and the church of Santa Maria, built on the old mosque. Los Palacios Nazaríes are grouped irregularly shaped and different rooms are connected by courtyards and galleries.external image cleardot.gif
Albaicin
Hill between Calle Elvira, Plaza Nueva and Carrera del Darro to San Cristobal.
The Albaicín was originally a core extending to the northeast of the Alcazaba Cadima.
Civil architecture
In the Islamic period, the current Albaicín was a different set of independent towns and it was not until the modern era when it reached its current unitary concept.
There are several versions about the origin of the name Albaicín. The most accepted one is referring to an Arabic word that means the quarter of the falconers. It was not until the late fifteenth and early sixteenth when the name began to be used interchangeably to refer to the small original suburbs and the entire housing estate located opposite the Alhambra.
Cathedral
Granada Cathedral is considered the first Renaissance church in Spain and one of the greatest exponents of this kind of art.external image cleardot.gif
The Catholic Kings ordered in 1492 and construction is planned, in principle, following the Gothic style of the Cathedral of Toledo.external image cleardot.gif
Religious Architecture
Renaissance church, similar to the Cathedral of Toledoexternal image cleardot.gif
In 1528 Siloam Diego took over the project and designed a new plant of the Spanish Renaissance-style temple. Almost two hundred years later, in 1704, works were completed. Of the two towers designed by Siloam just started building one, paralyzed at 57 meters instead of the 81 originally planned. The main facade is a baroque masterpiece by Alonso Cano in 1667.
Chapel
Address: Crafts, 3. Grenada
The Catholic Kings, who saw in Granada a symbol of the unity of Spain and the Christian kingdom, built as a resting place for his remains. Its construction in the Gothic style, began in 1506
Religious Architecture
The chapel is a key example of Flamboyant Gothic in the Renaissance period and has only one exterior, to be joined by its other three sides by the Cathedral, the Marketplace Merchants and the Tabernacle
The beautiful facade is the work of Juan plateresca Garcia Prada. From the inside gate we highlight the splendid plateresca by Bartolomé de Jaén, the altarpiece, the Gothic style, dates from 1522, and the royal tombs carved in Carrara marble. Below them is the crypt, with the lead coffin of the four monarchs and Prince Michael.
Corral coal
Address: Calle de Mariana Pineda, 12 (Granada)external image cleardot.gif
Se construyó en los inicios del siglo XIV
Civil architecture
The upper floor was used as accommodation area and the lower as stables and storage rooms. Stresses in its front pointed horseshoe arch decorated with stalactite and epigraphic motifs.
Corn Exchange is the only (public house for the purchase and sale of wheat) that remains of the three that are documented in Granada. It was built in the early fourteenth century and served as an inn for merchants. The upper floor was used as accommodation area and the lower as stables and storage rooms. Stresses in its front pointed horseshoe arch decorated with stalactite and epigraphic motifs.external image cleardot.gif
Bañuelo
Address: Carrera del Darro, 31 (Granada)
The date of the eleventh century Bañueloexternal image cleardot.gif
Civil architecture
The Arab Baths or 'hammam' were the place where local people came to Albaicín wash, body care and share conversation.
The exhibition is divided into three rectangular rooms. Just across the courtyard that serves as an entrance find the cold room. Then the warm room larger and decorated with horseshoe arches on three sides. Finally, the hot room where the baths were located.external image cleardot.gif
Alcazar de Genil
Calle Rey Abú Said, s/n (Granada)
It is a thirteenth century Almohad palace built in the time of Caliph al-Muntasir, but was later renovated by King Nazari.external image cleardot.gif
Civil architecture
Playground court, with orchards and gardens of a large pond that emerged dedicated to naval battle games.
The original building has survived only a space of square whose interior is decorated with stucco and tiles similar to those of the Alhambra. The room is covered with a tracery paneling and a stalactite frieze.
Carmen de los Martires
Address: Paseo de los Martires, s / n. Grenada
According to tradition, this place is built on the old dungeons of Christian captives in times Nazari.
Civil architecture
Carmelite convent where she was a few years prior San Juan de la Cruz.
His current appearance is for the nineteenth century Orientalist tendencies appreciate the moment. The gardens are a successful mixture of French and British models with the aesthetics of the Andalusian gardens.external image cleardot.gif
Real hospital
Address: Cuesta del Hospice, s / n Granada
It was founded by the Catholic Monarchs in 1504
Civil architecture
Its construction began according to plans by Enrique Egas, in the late Gothic, but it was Charles V who was in charge of its conclusion the Renaissance.
The cover was not finished until the first half of the seventeenth century. Today the building is the headquarters of the University of Granada, which houses the Chancellor and other university services.
Abbey of Sacromonte
Found on the top of Monte Valparaíso, at the end of the road with seven slopes

Religious architecture

This is the place where in the XVII Century, lead plates were discovered, which related the martyrdom of San Cecilio, San Tesifón, and San Hiscio.
San jeronimo monastery
Granada
1492
Religious architecture

The Church of San Jerónimo, although Renaissance in style, was started in 1504. The temple, basilical in design, has a splendid main chapel, by Diego de Siloé, who also was responsible for the carvings on the choirstalls. In one of the cloisters, where the wife of Carlos V used to reside, Mudejar and Gothic-stle decorative elements can be admired. The altarpiece which took 25 years to be built, is another feature that is worthy of mention.